The Norfolk Pines of Tuross Head

Hector McWilliam had a dream of Tuross Head becoming a seaside resort. He subdivided this headland and created avenues and reserves of Norfolk Pines. Originally buying eight seedlings he found he could propagate his own from the mature Norfolk Pine that was growing at Tuross House.

The process of germinating the seed was discovered by accident when it was noticed that young seedlings were growing under sheets of corrugated iron piled near the tree.

Over the next 30 years he grew his trees from seedlings of that tree (which is now listed as a heritage tree) , watering them from a backpack and horse drawn wagon whilst maintaining the timber stock guards he built around them.

This page is dedicated to the more than 400 pines he planted around the village of which 276 remain.

This Page is also, hopefully, a work in progress to ensure that a continuity plan is set in place by Council where a specific Plan of Management might be written for the Tuross Head Norfolk Island Pines.

Hopefully the information linked below will assist in writing that plan. In the meantime enjoy the following slideshow showing some
photos, old and new, of our trees..

Norfolk pine history

Click here for the Significant Tree Register Map for Tuross Head


Research and Links

Salinity Damage to Norfolk Island Pines Caused by Surfactants. I. The Nature of the Problem and Effect of Potassium,
Sodium and Chloride Concentration on Uptake by Roots
by R Truman and Marcia J Lambert

Salinity Damage to Norfolk Island Pines Caused by Surfactants. II. Effects of Sea Water and Surfactant Mixtures on the
Health of Whole Plants
HGM Dowden, MJ Lambert and R Truman

City of Holdfast Bay, South Australia Management Plan for Norfolk Pines

Warringah Council Heritage listing of Norfolk Pine

Manly City Council - Fenton Beatty 02-99761618




The Lone Pine at the Memorial Gardens

With respect I would like to correct the inscription on the brass plaque commemorating a tree said to be grown from the Lone Pine. This cannot be! It is an Aleppo pine or Pinus Halepensis which unfortunately has been incorrectly described as a Pinus HalepOnsis. The true Lone Pine was one and one only, which was Pinus Brutia, or Turkish Red Pine. This pine is native to Gallipoli, not the Aleppo pine which grows along the Mediterranean coast, but not at Gallipoli. The Aleppo pine is not native to Gallipoli. It is fair and reasonable to say it is an ANZAC pine, which of course I deeply respect. The Lone Pine was destroyed during this unfortunate and terrible campaign but one Sargeant McDowell brought back a cone from the tree. Four trees, germinated from the cone seeds were planted at war Memorials in Victoria and any subsequent plantings elsewhere were from this progeny..

Yours Sincerely,
NC [Mick ] Balzary

Note: Mick Balzary is a specialist in the growing, training and styling of two and three needled pine trees. Particular interest is all coniferous material, especially junipers. Favourite style is Literati.

An AABC Ltd Registered Demonstrator, Mick is recogn ised as having ‘expert’ practical and technical knowledge and know how in the
growing and development of pines as bonsai.

Mick commenced bonsai in 1998. Convenor of Twin Lakes Bonsai Society, life member of Weston Creek Bonsai Group, member of Canberra Bonsai Society. Author and contributor of numerous bonsai related articles to various groups. Demonstrated at the BCI/BFA International Bonsai Convention Sydney 1995, and AABC Seminars Canberra 1991, Coffs Harbour 1997, Canberra 2004, Adelaide 2008, and at Auckland New Zealand 2006. Has conducted demonstrations, work shops and lectures at many bonsai societies and clubs in NSW, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, ACT and the Northern Territory. Past teacher of bonsai and its techniques in NSW TAFE system.